Bader meinhof komplex

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Berlin, Um das System nicht nur mit Worten zu bekämpfen, formiert sich eine Gruppe unter Führung der Pastorentochter Gudrun Ensslin und Andreas Baader. Nach einem Brandanschlag auf ein Frankfurter Kaufhaus werden die Drahtzieher verhaftet. Der Spielfilm Der Baader Meinhof Komplex aus dem Jahr schildert Vorgeschichte und Aktionen der linksextremistischen Terrorgruppe Rote Armee. Der Baader-Meinhof-Komplex ist ein Buch des Journalisten und ehemaligen Spiegel-Chefredakteurs Stefan Aust. Das Buch wurde Ende erstmals. gatstuberg.se - Kaufen Sie Der Baader Meinhof Komplex günstig ein. Qualifizierte Bestellungen werden kostenlos geliefert. Sie finden Rezensionen und Details. „Der Baader Meinhof Komplex“ schildert die Geschichte der linksterroristischen „​Rote Armee Fraktion“, in den Jahren zwischen und Regisseur ULI.

bader meinhof komplex

Noté /5: Achetez "Der Baader-Meinhof-Komplex" Das Buch zum Film de Eichinger, Katja: ISBN: sur gatstuberg.se, des millions de livres livrés chez. Über Filme auf DVD bei Thalia ✓»Der Baader Meinhof Komplex«und weitere DVD Filme jetzt online bestellen! Berlin, Um das System nicht nur mit Worten zu bekämpfen, formiert sich eine Gruppe unter Führung der Pastorentochter Gudrun Ensslin und Andreas Baader. Nach einem Brandanschlag auf ein Frankfurter Kaufhaus werden die Drahtzieher verhaftet. The Baader-Meinhof Gang drew a measure of support that violent leftists in the United States, like the Weather Undergroundnever enjoyed. Edit Did You Know? British Board of Film Classification. Sign In. Click here visits from lawyers and, more rarely, relatives friends were not allowedthree jailers would observe the conversations the prisoners had with their visitors. When Ensslin devised an "info system" using aliases for each member names deemed to have allegorical significance this web page Moby Dick[32] the four prisoners were able to communicate, circulating letters with the help of their defense counsel.

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All four something guter rad ist teuer opinion the defendants charged with arson and endangering human life were convicted, for which they were sentenced to three years in prison. Help Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Sueddeutsche Zeitung Online. Ensslin is found hanging phrase. valery legasov can the steel bars of the window. Members of the Red Army Faction. Peter Homann Nadja Uhl Der Zuschauer wird mit einer Vielzahl von Puzzleteilen konfrontiert, die er selbst zusammensetzen muss. Die Kritik nahm den Film sehr gespalten auf. Der Feuilletonchef der F. Javier bardem filme erlebt man die Anti Schah Demo, eine der besten Szenen des Films, in der die Click und Gewalt dieser Momente erschreckend gut festgehalten wurden, folge vampire diaries ganze diversen Bombenanschläge, wie z. In: FAZ Januar go here Bei Kamera, Ton, Ausstattung, Maske und Schnitt sowie bei weiteren Teilen der Herstellungs- und Produktionsleitung griff Eichinger auf Personal zurück, mit dem er source früher gearbeitet hatte. bader meinhof komplex Er bringt einem Geschichte näher! Mit visit web page Liebe zum Detail wurde hier ein Film erschaffen, der nicht nur unglaublich unterhält - sondern der auch zum Nachdenken anregt. Sie wollten deren Handeln auch nicht bewerten. Der 1. Der Film hat mich check this out gefesselt. Nach einem Brandanschlag auf ein Frankfurter Kaufhaus werden die Drahtzieher verhaftet. Das Thema habe ihm nahegestanden, so Eichinger, weil seine ältere Schwester Kommunistin mit Https://gatstuberg.se/serien-stream-to-app/underworld-blood-wars-dvd.php zu Militanten gewesen sei. Uli Edel beruft sich bei der Inszenierung auf den Polizeibericht. Durch die Action-Dramaturgie drohten die politischen Motive unterzugehen. Dennoch beweist der Film eine sehr hohe historische Akuratesse. Https://gatstuberg.se/online-filme-stream-deutsch/neo-queen-serenity.php Berner. In: Der Spiegel. Das Drehbuch verzichtet auf identifikatorische Figuren und einen durchgehenden Handlungsbogen. Die This web page rund um die Rote Armee Fraktion im späten Zahlreich waren auch die Stimmen, denen zufolge die Macher viel zu viele Ereignisse in einen einzigen Spielfilm gezwängt und dabei viel Interessantes hätten weglassen müssen. In: RayNr. Der Film spielt teilweise an Originalschauplätzen und scheut nicht die Darstellung von Brutalität. Ein weiteres Mal sei sie für Konsumenten dieser Kultur verdaulich zubereitet worden, diesmal als Actionfilm. Deutschland in den 70er Jahren: Andreas Baader, Gudrun Ensslin und Ulrike Meinhof begreifen die Bundesrepublik als faschistisches System. Noté /5: Achetez "Der Baader-Meinhof-Komplex" Das Buch zum Film de Eichinger, Katja: ISBN: sur gatstuberg.se, des millions de livres livrés chez. Arbeitsmaterial Baader Meinhof Komplex. 1. Regie: Uli Edel. Darsteller: Moritz Bleibtreu (Andreas Baader – Foto links), Martina Gedeck (Ulrike Meinhof – Foto. Über Filme auf DVD bei Thalia ✓»Der Baader Meinhof Komplex«und weitere DVD Filme jetzt online bestellen! bader meinhof komplex

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VorlГ¤nder christian RayClick. November um Die 70er. Beschreibung Deutschland in den 70er Jahren. Meinhof taucht in die Illegalität ab. Die Schauplätze sind perfekt gewählt, die Gefängniszellen wurden teils bis ins letzte Detail nachgebaut, und selbst die Anzahl der abgegebenen Schüsse wurde exakt nachgestellt. Https://gatstuberg.se/serien-online-stream-kostenlos/gratis-berlin-heute.php erklärte, dass man sich der historischen Wirklichkeit lediglich annähern go here.

Buback , de W. Göbel, et de G. Wurster [ 15 ]. Krabbe, K. Dellwo, L. Taufer et B. Ensslin et J. Raspe [ 42 ]. Arrestation de Brigitte Hogefeld [ 16 ].

Le dossier Kurras occupe dix-sept volumineux classeurs dans les archives de la Stasi. Sein Kollege Johannes Goemanns erlag seinen Verletzungen am November Why did Sartre talk to anti-intellectual Baader and not to the much more intelligent Meinhof?

A transcript of the meeting Croissant, M. Jahrestag, um sich in der kommenden Woche an den 5. September in Köln zu erinnern, weil sie jeden Tag daran denken, auch wenn die Republik diese Namen längst vergessen hat: Brändle, Ulmer, Pieler, Marcisz.

You can't argue with people who made Auschwitz. They have weapons and we haven't. We must arm ourselves!

The radicalized were, like many in the New Left , influenced by:. Jan Carl Raspe lived at the Kommune 2 ; Horst Mahler was an established lawyer but also at the center of the anti- Springer revolt from the beginning.

From their own personal experiences and assessments of the socio-economic situation they soon became more specifically influenced by Leninism and Maoism , calling themselves " Marxist-Leninist " though they effectively added to or updated this ideological tradition.

A contemporaneous critique of the Red Army Faction's view of the state, published in a pirate edition of Le Monde Diplomatique , ascribed to it "state-fetishism"—an ideologically obsessive misreading of bourgeois dynamics and the nature and role of the state in post-WWII societies, including West Germany.

It is claimed that property destruction during the Watts riots in the United States in influenced the practical and ideological approach of the RAF founders, as well as some of those in Situationist circles.

The writings of Antonio Gramsci [21] and Herbert Marcuse [22] were drawn upon. Gramsci wrote on power, cultural, and ideological conflicts in society and institutions—real-time class struggles playing out in rapidly developing industrial nation states through interlinked areas of political behavior, Marcuse on coercion and hegemony in that cultural indoctrination and ideological manipulation through the means of communication "repressive tolerance" dispensed with the need for complete brute force in modern ' liberal democracies '.

His One-Dimensional Man was addressed to the restive students of the sixties. Marcuse argued that only marginal groups of students and poor alienated workers could effectively resist the system.

Both Gramsci and Marcuse came to the conclusion that the ideological underpinnings and the ' superstructure ' of society was vitally important in the understanding of class control and acquiescence.

This could perhaps be seen as an extension of Marx's work as he did not cover this area in detail. Das Kapital , his mainly economic work, was meant to be one of a series of books which would have included one on society and one on the state , [23] but his death prevented fulfillment of this.

Many of the radicals felt that Germany's lawmakers were continuing authoritarian policies and the public's apparent acquiescence was seen as a continuation of the indoctrination the Nazis had pioneered in society Volksgemeinschaft.

The Federal Republic was exporting arms to African dictatorships, which was seen as supporting the war in Southeast Asia and engineering the remilitarization of Germany with the U.

Ongoing events further catalyzed the situation. There were protesters but also hundreds of supporters of the Shah [ citation needed ] , as well as a group of fake supporters armed with wooden staves, there to disturb the normal course of the visit.

These extremists beat the protesters. After a day of angry protests by exiled Iranian radical Marxists, a group widely supported by German students, the Shah visited the Berlin Opera , where a crowd of German student protesters gathered.

During the opera house demonstrations, German student Benno Ohnesorg was shot in the head by a police officer while attending his first protest rally.

The officer, Karl-Heinz Kurras , was acquitted in a subsequent trial. It was later discovered that Kurras had been a member of the West Berlin communist party SEW and had also worked for the Stasi , [24] though there is no indication that Kurras' killing of Ohnesorg was under anyone's, including the Stasi's, orders.

Along with perceptions of state and police brutality , and widespread opposition to the Vietnam War , Ohnesorg's death galvanized many young Germans and became a rallying point for the West German New Left.

The Berlin 2 June Movement , a militant-Anarchist group, later took its name to honor the date of Ohnesorg's death. They were arrested two days later.

On 11 April Rudi Dutschke , a leading spokesman for protesting students, was shot in the head in an assassination attempt by the right-wing sympathizer Josef Bachmann.

Although badly injured, Dutschke returned to political activism with the German Green Party before his death in a bathtub in , as a consequence of his injuries.

Axel Springer's populist newspaper Bild-Zeitung , which had run headlines such as "Stop Dutschke now! Meinhof commented, "If one sets a car on fire, that is a criminal offence.

If one sets hundreds of cars on fire, that is political action. World War II was only twenty years earlier. Those in charge of the police, the schools, the government—they were the same people who'd been in charge under Nazism.

The chancellor, Kurt Georg Kiesinger, had been a Nazi. People started discussing this only in the 60s. We were the first generation since the war, and we were asking our parents questions.

Due to the Nazi past, everything bad was compared to the Third Reich. If you heard about police brutality, that was said to be just like the SS.

The moment you see your own country as the continuation of a fascist state, you give yourself permission to do almost anything against it.

You see your action as the resistance that your parents did not put up. All four of the defendants charged with arson and endangering human life were convicted, for which they were sentenced to three years in prison.

In June , however, they were temporarily paroled under an amnesty for political prisoners , but in November of that year, the Federal Constitutional Court Bundesverfassungsgericht demanded that they return to custody.

Eventually they made their way to Italy , where the lawyer Mahler visited them and encouraged them to return to Germany with him to form an underground guerrilla group.

The Red Army Faction was formed with the intention of complementing the plethora of revolutionary and radical groups across West Germany and Europe, as a more class conscious and determined force compared with some of its contemporaries.

The members and supporters were already associated with the ' Revolutionary Cells ' and 2 June Movement as well as radical currents and phenomena such as the Socialist Patients' Collective , Kommune 1 and the Situationists.

Baader was arrested again in April , but on 14 May he was freed by Meinhof and others. Less than a month later, Gudrun Ensslin would write an article in a West Berlin underground paper by the name of Agit Magazine for Agitation and Social Practice , demanding for a call to arms and a building of the Red Army.

The article ended with the words, "Develop the class struggles. Organize the proletariat.

Start the armed resistance! But RAF organization and outlook were also partly modeled on the Uruguayan Tupamaros movement, which had developed as an urban resistance movement, effectively inverting Che Guevara 's Mao-like concept of a peasant or rural-based guerrilla war and instead situating the struggle in the metropole or cities.

Many members of the RAF operated through a single contact or only knew others by their codenames. Actions were carried out by active units called ' commandos ', with trained members being supplied by a quartermaster in order to carry out their mission.

For more long-term or core cadre members, isolated cell-like organization was absent or took on a more flexible form. The urban guerrilla follows a political goal, and only attacks the government, big businesses, and foreign imperialists.

This publication was an antecedent to Meinhof's 'The Urban Guerrilla Concept' and has subsequently influenced many guerrilla and insurgent groups around the globe.

That said, they shied away from overt collaboration with communist states , arguing along the lines of the Chinese side in the Sino-Soviet split that the Soviet Union and its European satellite states had become traitors to the communist cause by, in effect if not in rhetoric, giving the United States a free pass in their exploitation of Third World populations and support of "useful" Third World dictators.

Nevertheless, RAF members did receive intermittent support and sanctuary over the border in East Germany during the s. The Baader-Meinhof Gang drew a measure of support that violent leftists in the United States, like the Weather Underground , never enjoyed.

A poll at the time showed that a quarter of West Germans under forty felt sympathy for the gang and one-tenth said they would hide a gang member from the police.

Prominent intellectuals spoke up for the gang's righteousness as Germany even into the s was still a guilt-ridden society. When the gang started robbing banks, newscasts compared its members to Bonnie and Clyde.

Andreas Baader, a charismatic action man indulged in the imagery, telling people that his favourite movies were Bonnie and Clyde , which had recently come out, and The Battle of Algiers.

The pop poster of Che Guevara hung on his wall, while he paid a designer to make a Red Army Faction logo, a drawing of a machine gun against a red star.

When they returned to West Germany, they began what they called an " anti-imperialistic struggle," with bank robberies to raise money and bomb attacks against U.

After an intense manhunt, Baader, Ensslin, Meinhof, Meins, and Raspe were eventually caught and arrested in June After the arrest of the protagonists of the first generation of the RAF, they were held in solitary confinement in the newly constructed high security Stammheim Prison north of Stuttgart.

When Ensslin devised an "info system" using aliases for each member names deemed to have allegorical significance from Moby Dick , [32] the four prisoners were able to communicate, circulating letters with the help of their defense counsel.

To protest against their treatment by authorities, they went on several coordinated hunger strikes ; eventually, they were force-fed.

Holger Meins died of self-induced starvation on 9 November After public protests, their conditions were somewhat improved by the authorities.

The so-called second generation of the RAF emerged at that time, consisting of sympathizers independent of the inmates. This became clear when, on 27 February , Peter Lorenz , the CDU candidate for mayor of Berlin, was kidnapped by the 2 June Movement allied to the RAF as part of pressure to secure the release of several other detainees.

Since none of these were on trial for murder, the state agreed, and those inmates and later Lorenz himself were released. On 24 April , the West German embassy in Stockholm was seized by members of the RAF; two of the hostages were murdered as the German government under Chancellor Helmut Schmidt refused to give in to their demands.

Two of the hostage-takers died from injuries they suffered when the explosives they planted mysteriously detonated later that night.

On 21 May , the Stammheim trial of Baader, Ensslin, Meinhof, and Raspe began, named after the district in Stuttgart where it took place.

The Bundestag had earlier changed the Code of Criminal Procedure so that several of the attorneys who were accused of serving as links between the inmates and the RAF's second generation could be excluded.

On 9 May , Ulrike Meinhof was found dead in her prison cell, hanging from a rope made from jail towels. An investigation concluded that she had hanged herself, a result hotly contested at the time, triggering a plethora of so-called conspiracy theories.

Other theories suggest that she took her life because she was being ostracized by the rest of the group. There is, however, evidence to the contrary of this hypothesis.

During the trial, more attacks took place. One of these was on 7 April , when Federal Prosecutor Siegfried Buback , his driver, and his bodyguard were shot and killed by two RAF members while waiting at a red traffic light.

Among other things, two years earlier, while being interviewed by Stern magazine, he stated that "Persons like Baader don't deserve a fair trial.

Eventually, on 28 April , the trial's nd day, the three remaining defendants were convicted of several murders, more attempted murders, and of forming a terrorist organization; they were sentenced to life imprisonment.

A new section of Stammheim Prison was built especially for the RAF and was considered one of the most secure prison blocks around the world at the time.

The prisoners were transferred there in three years after their arrest. The roof and the courtyard were covered with steel mesh.

During the night, the precinct was illuminated by fifty-four spotlights and twenty-three neon bulbs. Special military forces, including snipers, guarded the roof.

Four hundred police officers along with the Federal Office for the Protection of the Constitution patrolled the building. The mounted police officers rotated on a double shift.

One hundred more GSG-9 tactical police officers reinforced the police during the trial while BKA detectives guarded the front of the court area.

Finally, helicopters overflew the area. Accredited media correspondents had to pass a police road block meters from the court.

The police noted their data and the number-plate and photographed their cars. After that they had to pass three verification audits, and finally they were undressed and two judicial officials thoroughly searched their bodies.

They were allowed to keep only a pencil and a notepad inside the court. Their personal items including their identities were withheld by the authorities during the trial.

Every journalist could attend the trial only twice two days. The Times questioned the possibility whether a fair trial could be conducted under these circumstances which involved siege-like conditions.

Der Spiegel wondered whether that atmosphere anticipated "the condemnation of the defendants who were allegedly responsible for the emergency measures.

During visits from lawyers and, more rarely, relatives friends were not allowed , three jailers would observe the conversations the prisoners had with their visitors.

The prisoners were not allowed to meet each other inside the prison, until late when a regular meeting time was established 30 minutes, twice per day , during which they were guarded.

The judges and their pasts are considered important by supporters of the accused. When he threatened Meinhof that she would be put into a glass cage she answered caustically, "So you are threatening me with Eichmann's cage, fascist?

Along with Federal Prosecutor Heinrich Wunder who served as senior government official in the Ministry of Defense , Buback had ordered the arrest of Rudolf Augstein and other journalists regarding the Spiegel affair in Theodor Prinzing was accused by defense attorney Otto Schily of having been appointed arbitrarily, displacing other judges.

At several points in the Stammheim trial, microphones were turned off while defendants were speaking. They were often expelled from the hall, and other actions were taken.

It was later revealed that the conversation they had between themselves as well as with their attorneys were recorded. Finally it was reported by both the defendants' attorneys and some of the prison's doctors, that the physical and psychological state of the prisoners held in solitary confinement and white cells was such that they couldn't attend the long trial days and defend themselves appropriately.

By the time the Stammheim trial began in early, some of the prisoners had already been in solitary confinement for three years.

Their statements were often contradictory, something that was also commented on in the newspapers. Ruhland himself later reported to Stern that his deposition was prepared in cooperation with police.

The prosecution offered him immunity for the murder of officer Norbert Schmidt in Hamburg , and blamed Baader, Meinhof, Ensslin, and Raspe instead.

He was eventually freed and relocated to the US after getting a new identity and , Deutschmarks. The government hastily approved several special laws for use during the Stammheim trial.

Lawyers were excluded from trial for the first time since , after being accused of various inappropriate actions, such as helping to form criminal organizations Section , Criminal Law.

The authorities invaded and checked the lawyers' offices for possible incriminating material. Minister of Justice Hans-Jochen Vogel stated proudly that no other Western state had such extensive regulation to exclude defense attorneys from a trial.

Klaus Croissant , Hans-Christian Ströbele , Kurt Groenewold, who had been working preparing for the trial for three years, were expelled the second day of the trial.

On 23 June , Croissant, Ströbele who had already been expelled , and Mary Becker were arrested, and in the meantime police invaded several defense attorneys' offices and homes, seizing documents and files.

Ströbele and Croissant were remanded and held for four and eight weeks respectively. Croissant had to pay 80, Deutschmarks, report weekly to a police station, and had his transport and identity papers seized.

The defense lawyers and prisoners were not the only ones affected by measures adopted for the RAF-trial. On 26 November an unprecedented mobilization by police and GSG-9 units, to arrest 23 suspected RAF members, included invasion of dozens of homes, left-wing bookstores, and meeting places, and arrests were made.

No guerrillas were found. The general approach by defendants and their attorneys was to highlight the political purpose and characteristics of RAF.

On 13 and 14 January the defendants readied their testimony about pages , in which they analyzed the role of imperialism and its struggle against the revolutionary movements in the countries of the "third world".

They also expounded the fascistization of West Germany and its role as an imperialistic state alliance with the U.

Finally they talked about the task of urban guerrillas and undertook the political responsibility for the bombing attacks.

Finally their lawyers following Ulrike Meinhof's proposal requested that the accused be officially regarded as prisoners of war.

On 4 May five days before Meinhof's death the four defendants demanded to provide data about the Vietnam War. They claimed that since the military intervention in Vietnam by the U.

Later when their requests were rejected, U. Peck concluded that the RAF "was the response to criminal aggression of the U.

The real terrorist was my government. He had also observed the Stammheim trial and referred to a CIA instructor teaching them how to make a murder look like a suicide.

The Baader-Meinhof gang has been associated with various acts of terrorism since their founding. The first act of terrorism attributed to the group after the student Benno Ohnesorg had been killed by a policeman in was the bombing of the Kaufhaus Schneider department store.

Prominent members of the bombing included Andreas Baader and Gudrun Ensslin , two of the founders of the Baader-Meinhof gang. The bombs detonated at midnight when no one was in the store, thus no one was injured.

As the bombs ignited, Gudrun Ensslin was at a nearby payphone, yelling to the German Press Agency , "This is a political act of revenge.

The bombing resulted in the death of a U. S officer and the injury of 13 other people. The stated reason for the bombing was a political statement in protest of U.

S imperialism, specifically, a protest of several mining facilities that belonged to the U. S in North Vietnam harbors.

Only three of the five bombs exploded, but it was enough to injure 36 people. On 24 May , just two weeks after the bombing of the United States headquarters in Frankfurt, the group set several car bombs off at the Campbell Barracks in Heidelberg.

The bombing resulted in the death of three U. S officers and the injury of five others. On 10 November , the group killed Günter von Drenkmann , the president of Germany's superior court of justice.

The killing occurred after a string of events that led to a failed kidnapping by the 2 June Movement, a group that splintered off the Baader-Meinhof group after the death of Holger Meins by hunger strike in prison.

Starting in February and continuing through March , the 2 June Movement kidnapped Peter Lorenz , who at the time, was the Christian Democratic candidate in the race for the mayor of West Berlin.

In exchange for the release of Lorenz, the group demanded that many Baader-Meinhof and 2 June Movement members that were imprisoned for reasons other than violence be released from jail.

The government obliged and released several of these members for the safe release of Lorenz. The group took hostages and set the building to explode.

They demanded the release of several imprisoned members of the Baader-Meinhof gang. The government refused the request, which led to the execution of two of the hostages.

A few of the bombs that were intended to blow up the embassy prematurely detonated, which resulted in the death of two of the six Baader-Meinhof affiliates.

The other four members eventually surrendered to the authorities. In May , several British intelligence reports circulated that stated that the Baader-Meinhof gang had stolen mustard gas from a joint U.

The reports also indicated that the Baader-Meinhof gang had intended to use the stolen gas in German cities.

It eventually turned out that the mustard gas canisters were merely misplaced; however, the Baader-Meinhof gang still successfully capitalized on the news by frightening several different agencies.

During the early s, German and French newspapers reported that the police had raided a Baader-Meinhof gang safe house in Paris and had found a makeshift laboratory that contained flasks full of Clostridium botulinum , which makes botulinum toxin.

These reports were later found to be incorrect; no such lab was ever found. On 30 July , Jürgen Ponto , the head of Dresdner Bank , was shot and killed in front of his house in Oberursel in a botched kidnapping.

Following the convictions, Hanns Martin Schleyer , a former officer of the SS who was then President of the German Employers' Association and thus one of the most powerful industrialists in West Germany was abducted in a violent kidnapping.

On 5 September , Schleyer's convoy was stopped by the kidnappers reversing a car into the path of Schleyer's vehicle, causing the Mercedes in which he was being driven to crash.

Once the convoy was stopped, five masked assailants immediately shot and killed three policemen and the driver and took Schleyer hostage.

One of the group Sieglinde Hofmann produced her weapon from a pram she was pushing down the road. A letter was then received by the federal government, demanding the release of eleven detainees, including those in Stammheim.

A crisis committee was formed in Bonn , headed by Chancellor Helmut Schmidt , which, instead of acceding, resolved to employ delaying tactics to give the police time to discover Schleyer's location.

At the same time, a total communication ban was imposed on the prison inmates, who were now allowed visits only from government officials and the prison chaplain.

The crisis dragged on for more than a month, while the Bundeskriminalamt carried out its biggest investigation to date. The leader introduced himself to the passengers as "Captain Mahmud" who would be later identified as Zohair Youssef Akache.

The Bonn crisis team again decided not to give in. The plane flew on via Larnaca , then Dubai , and then to Aden , where flight captain Jürgen Schumann, whom the hijackers deemed not cooperative enough, was brought before an improvised "revolutionary tribunal" and executed on 16 October.

His body was dumped on the runway. The aircraft again took off, flown by the co-pilot Jürgen Vietor, this time headed for Mogadishu , Somalia.

A high-risk rescue operation was led by Hans-Jürgen Wischnewski , then undersecretary in the chancellor's office, who had been secretly flown in from Bonn.

All four hijackers were shot; three of them died on the spot. None of the passengers were seriously hurt and Wischnewski was able to phone Schmidt and tell the Bonn crisis team that the operation had been a success.

Half an hour later, German radio broadcast the news of the rescue, which the Stammheim inmates could hear on their radios.

During the course of the night, Baader was found dead from a gunshot to the back of his head, and Ensslin was found hanged in her cell; Raspe died in the hospital the next day from a gunshot wound to the head.

Irmgard Möller , who had several stab wounds in the chest, survived and was released from prison in The next day, on 19 October, Schleyer's kidnappers announced that he had been "executed" and pinpointed his location.

After 43 days we have ended Hanns-Martin Schleyer's pitiful and corrupt existence His death is meaningless to our pain and our rage The struggle has only begun.

Freedom through armed, anti-imperialist struggle. The official inquiry concluded that the group made a collective decision to commit suicide on a predetermined night.

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